/Regions Geography

Boushehr Province at a glance

Boushehr province with an area of ‎‏27653‏ sq km is located on the south of Iran, lying on the northern ‎coastline of the Persian Gulf. It is bordered by Khouzestan and Kohgiloyeh – va – ‎Boyerahmad provinces to the north, by Fars province to the east, by Hormozgan province on its southeast, ‎and by the Persian Gulf on the south and the west.‎

The population of the province stands at ‎‏743,675‏‎ people (1996 census ‎‏‏‎). Almost all the ‎population of the province speak Farsi with southern accents. Some inhabitants at Shif, Kangan and ‎Assaluyeh also speak Arabic.‎

The resistance of people of Boushehr, and brave warriors especially Tangestan, against foreign ‎invaders,formed an important part of the Iran’s contemporary history and has left lasting memories for the people.‎

Boushehr province with more than ‎‏600‏‎ Km border with the Persian Gulf, consists of ‎‏9‏‎ township ‎and ‎‏22‏‎ cities. Its townships are Boushehr (province’s center), Dashhtestan, Dashti, ‎Tangestan, Genaveh, Kangan, Dayer, Daylam, Jam and Riz.‎

South Pars Gas Field

South Pars gas field is the largest independent gas reserve in the world which is shared by Iran ‎and Qatar. The field is ‎‏105‏‎ kilometers away from the Pars Special Economic Energy Zone. The ‎reservoir covers ‎‏9,700‏‎ square kilometers in total with ‎‏3,700‏‎ square kilometers blongingto Iran. ‎According to latest figures, the field contains more than ‎51‎ trillion cubic meters of natural ‎ gas . It stands for about ‎‏48‏‎ percent of Iran’s confirmed reserves.‎

Considering the vast area of this gas field, its development was planned in several phases. The aim of ‎ developing of South Pars is supplying the increasing demand for the natural gas required for the country’s domestic ‎consumption, injecting gas into the oil fields, and exporting gas and condensates. Supplying gas as ‎feedstock for the petrochemical industry is on the agenda of the National Iranian Oil Company ‎‎(NIOC).‎

The field is already being developed in different phases; so far ‎‏14‏‎ gas processing plants have been ‎planned. With regards to the reservoir’s capacity, the development phases can increase to ‎‏28‏ ‎phases or even more to further develop the giant gas field.Meanwhile,‎‏15‏‎ huge petrochemical complexes and a wide ‎range of downstream petrochemical units, different related industries, semi-heavy industries, ‎marine industries and considerable number of service related facilities are predicted in this zone. ‎


Area and Boundaries

The zone is bounded on the north by the Zagros Mountains, on the south by the Persian Gulf, ‎on the west by the village of Shirino and on the east by the village of Chah Mobarak.‎

The total area is approximately ‎‏14,000‏‎ hectares. excluding the alluvial lands and ‎environmentally protected territories,there will remain about ‎‏10,000‏‎ hectares of developmental ‎lands.‎

Preserved Land

The Nayband Bay is one of the most unique protected areas in the south of Iran for the habitat and breeding ‎of marine life as well as mangrove trees.‎

Furthermore, the lands on the south of the Gavbandi River and south-east of the PSEEZ are ‎declared as Preserved Lands by the Environmental Protection Organization of Iran.‎



‏Located on the27‏‎ Degree latitude and ‎‏52‏‎ degree longitude.‎

• Air temperature of between ‎‏5‏‎ to ‎‏50‏‎ degrees centigrade.‎

• Relative humidity of ‎‏59‏‎ to ‎‏88‏‎ percent.‎

• Mean annual rainfall of ‎‏80‏‎ mm.‎

• The natural slope of the land starts from ‎‏0.1%‏‎ (On the coastline) and reaches to ‎‏8%‏‎ (on the mountain foot).‎

• Ground water reservoir of – ‎‏1.0‏‎ to – ‎‏10.0‏‎ m.‎

• Average and scattered vegetation with some densely covered palm and mangrove trees.‎

• Predominant wind due to the particular local topography is from northwest to southeast.