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Fri, February 12, 2016, 04:40
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South Pars Gas Field
South Pars Gas field is the biggest independent gas reserve in the world which is shared by Iran ‎and Qatar. The field is ‎‏105‏‎ kilometers away from the Pars Special Economic Energy Zone. The ‎reservoir measures ‎‏9,700‏‎ square kilometers in total with ‎‏3,700‏‎ square kilometers owned by Iran. ‎According to latest figures, the field contains more than ‎‏14‏‎ trillion cubic meters of natural ‎world’s gas reserves and about ‎‏48‏‎ percent of Iran’s confirmed reserves.‎
With regards to the vast area of this gas field, its development in various phases with the aim of ‎supplying the increasing demand for the natural gas required for the country’s domestic ‎consumption, injection into the oil fields, exporting gas and condensates. Supplying gas as ‎feedstock for the petrochemical industry is on the agenda of the National Iranian Oil Company ‎‎(NIOC).‎
The field is already being developed in various phases; so far ‎‏14‏‎ gas processing plants have been ‎formulated. With regards to the reservoir’s capacity, the development phases can increase to ‎‏28‏‎ ‎phases or even more to further development, plus ‎‏15‏‎ huge petrochemical Complexes and a wide ‎range of downstream petrochemical industries, different related industries, semi-heavy industries, ‎marine industries and a substantial amount of service related facilities are predicted in this zone. ‎

South Pars Development Plan phase ‎‏1‏
The contract for the development of this phase was awarded to the Iranian ‎company "Petro-Pars" as a general contractor in Feburary ‎‏1998‏‎. investment value ‎on this project is ‎‏910‏‎ milion US$ on buyback basis. ‎
After completion of all offshore and onshore facilities, operation of its first unit ‎was started in April ‎‏2004‏‎ and after becoming fully operational, it was officially ‎in November ‎‏2004‏‎.

South Pars Development Plan Phases ‎‏3‏ & ‏2
The development execution of these phases were awarded to the consortium of ‎TOTAL of France, Petronas of Malaysian and Gasprom of Russia with the ‎management of Total South Pars (TSP) on September ‎‏1997‏‎, investment value on ‎these projects is more than ‎‏2‏‎ billion US$ on buyback basis. This project was ‎inaugurated in February ‎‏2003‏‎.

South Pars Development Plan Phases ‎‏5‏ & 4‏‎ ‎
Development of this project started in August ‎‏2000‏‎ through investing about ‎‏2‏‎ ‎billion dollars on buyback by the Italian Agip Company (a subsidiary of ENI of ‎Italy) and Iranian company "Petro-Pars".‎
This project was officially inaugurated in April ‎‏23‏‎, ‎‏2005‏‎.‎

South Pars Development Plan Phases ‎‏ 8‏ & ‏ 7‏ , 6‏‎ ‎
Development of the phases which aimed at injecting sour gas into oil wells at ‎Aghajari oil field, this project is started in February ‎‏2004‏‎ through investing about ‎‏1.964‏‎ billion dollars on buyback basis by a consortium comprising Iran"s ‎Industrial Development and Renovation Company. The phases are to come on-‎stream in ‎‏2006‏‎.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏ 10‏ & ‏9 ‏
The contracts for phases ‎‏9‏‎ and ‎‏10‏‎ were signed in September ‎‏2002‏‎ with ‎consortium of LG Korea, OIEC (Oil Industries Engineering and Construction) ‎Company of Iran, and IOEC (Iranian Offshore Engineering and Construction ‎Company) and investment value is more than ‎‏2‏‎ billion US$ based on EPCC by ‎the method of financing.‎
It is projected that this project becomes fully operational in ‎‏2007‏‎.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏11‏
Development project for South Pars phase ‎‏11‏‎ aims at supplying sour gas for Pars ‎LNG Plant. This project is awarded to a consortium comprising the French ‎TOTAL and Malaysian Petronas.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏12‏
Development project for South Pars phase ‎‏12‏‎ is designed to daily production of ‎‏84‏‎ million cubic meter of gas which ‎‏56‏‎ million cubic meters will be the feed of ‎NIOC LNG, or the sour gas will be injected to the oil fields and ‎‏28‏‎ million cubic ‎meters of gas after treating and sweetening will be allocated to internal ‎consumption.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏13‏ & ‏13‏A
Development project for South Pars phase ‎‏13‏‎ and ‎‏13‏A are designed to supply ‎required sour gas for Persian LNG Plant. These phases were awarded to a ‎consortium comprising Repsol and Shell companies.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏14‏
Development project of this phase is under study.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏16‏ & ‏15‏
Development project, for South Pars phases ‎‏15‏‎ and ‎‏16‏‎ are designed to produce ‎‏50‏‎ millions cubic meters of natural gas, ‎‏80,000‏‎ barrels of condensate, ‎‏400‏‎ tons ‎of Sulphur per day and ‎‏1.05‏‎ million tons of LPG per year and ‎‏1‏‎ million tons of ‎Ethan per year for supplying petrochemical plant as feedstock.‎
This project is awarded to a consortium comprising Aker Kvaerner and Iranian ‎companies Ghorb and Sadra.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏18‏ & ‏17‏
Development project for South Pars phases ‎‏17‏‎ and are designed to produce ‎‏50‏‎ ‎million cubic meters natural gas, ‎‏80000‏‎ barrels of condensate, ‎‏400‏‎ tons of ‎Sulphur per day and production of ‎‏1‏‎ million tons of Ethan and ‎‏1.05‏‎ million tons ‎of LPG per year.‎

South Pars gas Development Plan Phases ‎‏21 & 20‏ ,  ‏19 ‏
Development project of above mentioned phases are under study.‎